englischlehrer.de  
VARIOUS TEXTS: CLYDE KENNARD: A US CIVIL RIGHTS CASE OF THE 50s

Pardon Unlikely for Civil Rights Advocate
By ADAM LIPTAK

Gov. Haley Barbour of Mississippi acknowledges that Clyde Kennard suffered a grievous wrong at the hands of state officials more than 45 years ago. But he says he will not grant a posthumous pardon to Mr. Kennard, a black man who was falsely imprisoned after trying to desegregate a Mississippi college.

Mr. Kennard moved home to Hattiesburg, Miss., after seven years in the Army in Germany and Korea and three years as an undergraduate at the University of Chicago. He wanted to finish his education at the local college.

But because that college, Mississippi Southern, was reserved for whites, state officials not only rejected Mr. Kennard's repeated applications but also plotted to kill him.

They kept him out of college by convicting him of helping to steal $25 of chicken feed based on what the sole witness now says was perjury1. The 1960 conviction drew a seven-year prison term, and Mr. Kennard died of cancer in 1963.

Last month, Mr. Kennard's supporters asked Governor Barbour, a Republican, for a pardon. The state parole board2 must first make a recommendation, but Mr. Barbour has already said he will not consider granting one.

"The governor hasn't pardoned anyone, be it alive or deceased," said Mr. Barbour's spokesman, Pete Smith. "The governor isn't going to issue a pardon here."

Mr. Smith added that a pardon would be an empty gesture.

"The governor believes that Clyde Kennard was wronged, and if he were alive today his rights would be restored," Mr. Smith said. "There's nothing the governor can do for Clyde Kennard right now."

Mr. Kennard's case, which was the subject of a recent three-month investigation by The Clarion-Ledger of Jackson, Miss., has also been pursued by students at Adlai E. Stevenson High School in Lincolnshire, Ill., and the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University's law school, in Chicago. Several of the students involved said they were baffled by Mr. Barbour's response.

"Please," said Mona Ghadiri, 17, a senior at Stevenson High, addressing Governor Barbour, "if you are going to say no, at least give us a decent reason."

The only evidence against Mr. Kennard was the testimony of a black man named Johnny Lee Roberts, then 19, who said that Mr. Kennard, 33, had asked him to steal the chicken feed. Mr. Roberts, who did the stealing, received a suspended sentence. Mr. Kennard, convicted as an accessory4, got a year for every $3.57 of feed.

Mr. Roberts has recanted4, first to Jerry Mitchell of The Clarion-Ledger and then in a sworn statement before a judge.

"Kennard did not ask me to steal," Mr. Roberts said in the sworn statement. "Kennard did not ask me to do anything illegal. Kennard is not guilty of burglary or any other crime."

"I have always felt bad about what happened to Clyde," Mr. Roberts continued. "He was a good man."

Joyce A. Ladner, a sociologist, remembered being mentored by Mr. Kennard when she was a teenager. "He was a quiet, very dignified guy, a real gentleman," Ms. Ladner said of Mr. Kennard.

Aubrey K. Lucas, the director of admissions at the college when Mr. Kennard applied, recalled in an interview that it was the governor, J. P. Coleman, who decided against admitting Mr. Kennard.
550 words

Source: The New York Times, May 4, 2006


PS. After Clyde Kennard was jailed, police officers also claimed to have found five half pints of whiskey, along with other liquor, under the seat of his car. Kennard was subsequently cited for illegal liquor possession. This again was false accusation, as it later turned out. He had been framed by officials.

Annotations:
1. perjury - Meineid, Eidbruch
2. parole board - Kommission für Haftentlassungen
3. accessory - Helfeshelfer
4. to recant - widerrufen


Assignments:
1. Describe some stages in the life of Clyde Kennard up to the time when he applied to his local college.
2. Why was his application rejected and what was he eventually accused of?
3. What arguments were brought forward when Gov. H. Barbour was asked to exonerate Clyde Kennard posthumously?
4. What did the only witness involved in the case, Johnny L. Roberts, confess?
5. Describe any other famous case during the civil rights movement in which some black was refused to attend a segregated school.


© 1997-2017 englischlehrer.de × Alle Rechte vorbehalten. × Ausgewiesene Marken gehören ihren jeweiligen Eigentümern.
englischlehrer.de übernimmt keine Haftung für den Inhalt verlinkter externer Internetseiten.
2.708 (+4.409)pi × search powered by uCHOOSE