In the Western world being a vegetarian is usually a matter of choice. As a joke some
vegetarians say that they eat vegetables not because of sympathy for animals but because
they really hate plants. Some people are vegetarians because of their religious beliefs, but most people choose to become
vegetarians because of their ideas about animals.
The thought that a living, breathing, feeling creature has to be murdered just so that people can
eat is too much for most vegetarians. They think that the killing of helpless animals is both
unnecessary and unfair.
As the world's population increases and the world's energy supplies diminish, the production of
meat for food is becoming unacceptably expensive and inefficient. A kilo of beef, for instance, is TEN
TIMES more expensive to produce than a kilo of wheat. Meat production also uses up more energy
than it produces. The most energy efficient meat farming gives an energy return of only 34.5 per cent
whereas even the least energy efficient plant food gives a return of 328 per cent.
1. What kind of text is this?
2. Write down one fact and one opinion from this passage.
3. What methods are used to persuade in the first paragraph?
4. What methods are used in the second paragraph?
5. Identify one typographical feature used to add emphasis in this passage.
2. Facts - Some people are vegetarians for religious reasons. A kilo of beef costs ten times more
than a kilo of wheat. Meat gives an energy return of 34.5 per cent. Plants give an energy return of
328 per cent. Opinions - Most people choose to become vegetarians because of animals. Killing animals
is unfair. Meat is unacceptably expensive.
3. Some humour and some emotive language.
4. Mostly facts and figures.
5. Capital letters for emphasis in the second paragraph.