Youth and war, a deadly duo
By Christopher Caldwell
Jan 5 2007
Source and more in Financial Times.com
Gangland slayings in the Palestinian territories this week have pitted the Islamist gunmen of Hamas
against the secular forces of Fatah. The killings defy civilised norms: in December even children were
targeted for murder. But the killings also defy political common sense. Ariel Sharon's wall cuts
terrorists off from Israeli targets and what happens? The violence – previously justified with the
cause of a Palestinian homeland – continues as if nothing had changed, merely finding its outlet in
a new set of targets. This makes it appear that Palestinian violence has never really been about a
"cause" at all. The violence is, in a strange way, about itself.
Gunnar Heinsohn, a social scientist and genocide researcher at the University of Bremen, has an
explanation for why this might be so. Since its publication in 2003, his eccentric and eye-opening
Sons and World Power* (not available in English) has become something of a cult book. In Mr Heinsohn's
view, when 15 to 29-year-olds make up more than 30 per cent of the population, violence tends to happen;
when large percentages are under 15, violence is often imminent. The "causes" in the name of which
that violence is committed can be immaterial. There are 67 countries in the world with such "youth bulges"
now and 60 of them are undergoing some kind of civil war or mass killing.
Between 1988 and 2002, 900m sons were born to mothers in the developing world and a careful demographer
could almost predict the trouble spots. In the decade leading up to 1993, on the eve of the Taliban
takeover, the population of Afghanistan grew from 14m to 22m. By the end of this generation,
Afghanistan will have as many people under 20 as France and Germany combined. Iraq had 5m people in
1950 but has 25m now, in spite of a quarter-century of wars. Since 1967, the population of the West
Bank and Gaza has grown from 450,000 to 3.3m, 47 per cent of which is under 15. If Mr Heinsohn is
right, then Palestinian violence of recent months and years is not explained by Israeli occupation
(which, after all, existed 30 years ago) or poverty (the most violent parts of the Muslim world are
not the poorest) or humiliation. It is just violence.
c. 380 words